A bowl (sabal) is a common name for a tableware that can be eaten by our people. There is a wider bowl (daejeop), which is a bowl that holds soup or noodles in a larger form than a bowl. It makes a pair with a rice bowl (sabal). Often followed by drinking sungnyung after eating rice in the bowl (daejeop).
The shape and size are not constant but usually have a large upper diameter, a narrow bottom and even curves between them. The bowl (daejeop) is from the bottom-narrow earthenware of the Jeulmun pottery period. The bowl (daejeop)’s shape is similar to that of Goryeo, Joseon Dynasty, and the modern times.
- Buncheong Ware Bowls
The Buncheong Ware is a ceramic that has been used for about 200 years in the Joseon Dynasty. The grayish-blue-powdered celadon was renowned by art historian Ko Yu-seop in 1930s, for its opposition to the term Mishima that was used by Japanese. It means the earthenware made of gray-blue soil and decorated with white bole. Such process varies the kinds of earthenwares.
The inlaid Buncheong Ware is made by marking the pattern, filling it with white soil or black clay and applying glazes. It was inherited from the Goryeo celadon techniques, which was used until the first half of the 15th century.
The stamped buncheong ware is designed to ease the labor of digging out patterns one by one. Taking the already engraved paint, filling it with frost and with white clay, and lastly applying glaze. Small chrysanthemum flowers, small dotted pattern, and raindrop-like pattern, etc., are the representative patterns. In rare cases, the names of government offices, such as Naeseom and Jangheunggo are seen. The Japanese called stamped buncheong wares Mishima.
The brushed buncheong ware is made by applying a layer of white on the surface using a thick, full brush. Because of the intense paint on the clay, the traces of the dirt appear between the white clay makeup, creating a vibrant effect.
The dumbung buncheong ware is made by dipping into white clay color slip. The white soil is thickly buried and gradually disassembled, which, at first glance, gives a look like white porcelain. In some cases, such as bowls or dishes, the clay is grasped by hand when it is dipped into the clay, so that the clay is not naturally buried and the clay is naturally spilled.
- Black Glazed Ceramics bowl
Black Glazed Ceramics bowl refers to the one that presents a thick layer of glaze with a lot of iron oxide that looks black or brownish brown. The bowls in exhibition were made around the 15th and 16th centuries. The black Glazed Ceramics has its glaze that flows down and presents rough and dry look even it’s clay. The black oil sometimes has a cloudy look.
- White porcelain bowl
Buncheong ware was extinguished before and after the Imjin War, but white porcelain was produced throughout the Joseon Dynasty. White porcelain is divided into pure white porcelain, inlaid white porcelain, dark-patterned(oxidized iron) white porcelain, blue and white porcelain and red-patterned(oxidized copper) white porcelains, depending on the decorative technique that appears on the surface of the bowl.
Pure white porcelain refers to pure white porcelain which does not use materials other than clay and glaze which are raw materials that make white porcelains. There is no pattern on the surface of the bowl. Whiteness appears in many ways, including grayish white, milky white, snowy white and blue-white.