The gradually developed and completed firefighting braziers of the Neolithic era of the oven were originally intended for preservation of heating and embers, but they were used for various purposes. The braziers, which was a ward of everyday life, began to be used in the late Silla and became common in Goryeo Dynasty. Brazier’s varied in their types depending on the materials they were made, which were clay, cast iron, brass, and stone. Accordingly, the types included earthenware braziers, cast iron braziers, bronze braziers, stone braziers and porcelain braziers.
The earthenware braziers refer to those made from clay. Its origin can be found from the brazier-type earthenware of the Three Kingdoms era. The clay braziers are made since the late Silla or from Goryeo Dynasty, and since the Joseon Dynasty, various clay (jil) braziers as well as lye-glazed (oji) braziers have been used. The clay braziers in particular were mainly produced, which were commonly used in farming villages. The clay braziers resemble a jabaegi, that is wide open bowl with handles on both sides but no support on the bottom.
Iron has been in close contact with humanity and civilization since the Iron Age. It has been used for a long time due to its robustness and relatively low cost.
The cast iron braziers are similar in shape to clay braziers, but they are protruded with many handles and are often made of three feet with their bearings. It was used a lot during the late Joseon Dynasty. They are rough in characteristic and usually lacking in glyphs, and in particular, cast iron braziers for home use have no upper bearings.
The bronze braziers has been loved because of its subtle yet beautiful color. The bronze braziers that were used a lot in the upper class of the Joseon Dynasty are usually in the form of three legs. The upper part of the leg is protruded slightly to the front.
Stones have been used in our real life as well as in buildings and sculptures related to Buddhism. Representative crafts include pottery pots, kettles, and braziers, and there are millstones and polished stones that are made of granite.
Furnished stone (gopdol) braziers are round in shape, but are usually quadrilateral or octagonal and often have no legs. The handle was carved out of the shape of an animal, such as a turtle or a lion, and occasionally sewed round rings on it.
Because stone (dol) braziers are not cooled down easily and keep warm energy for a long time, people commonly used it for ironing. Our traditional ceramics started from the burning of earthenwares, celadons, buncheong ware, to white porcelains. On the other hand, earthenware bowls and lye-glazed (oji) bowls have been used until recently.
Porcelain braziers differ in their quality from earthenware braziers, such as clay (jil) braziers or lye-glazed (oji) braziers. Since the Goryeo Dynasty, some upper class people have built and used porcelain braziers and especially in the late Joseon Dynasty, blue and white porcelain became popular.